21 Y/O female with history of pancreatitis 2 month ago and present with abdominal pain , bloating. nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite

 

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Doctor's Information

Name : morteza
Family : Sanei Taheri
Affiliation :Radiology Department,Shohada Tajrish Hospital,SBMU
Academic Degree : Associate Professor of Radiology
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Resident : Hadi Zolfeghari

 

Case Section

Abdominal Imaging

 

Patient's Information

Gender : Female
Age : 21

 

Clinical Summary

21 Y/O female with history of pancreatitis 2 month ago and present with abdominal pain , bloating. nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite

 

Imaging Findings

Ct demonstrated a large localized fluid collections in lesser sac measuring 80 * 80 mm arising in the tail region of the pancreas and extending through the winslow foramen into the greater sac .

 

Differential Diagnosis

• Organized pancreatic necrosis
• Acute pancreatic fluid collections
• Serous cystadenoma of the pancreas
• Mucinous cystadenoma of the pancreas (see below)
• Mucinous cystadenocarcinoma (see below)
• Pancreatic retention cyst

 

Final Diagnosis

pseudocyst of pancreas

 

Discussion (Related Text)

A pancreatic pseudocyst is a circumscribed collection of fluid rich in pancreatic enzymes, blood, and necrotic tissue, typically located in the lesser sac of the abdomen. Pancreatic pseudocysts account for approximately 75% of all pancreatic masses. A pseudocyst isn't a true cyst, because the wall of the sac is not composed of a specific lining of cells characteristic of a true cyst.The most common cause of damage to the pancreas is inflammation, called pancreatitis. A less common cause or contributor is trauma, such as a blow to the abdomen. Pancreatitis is most commonly caused by alcohol use and gallstones.

 

References

1- Habashi S, Draganov PV (January 2009). "Pancreatic pseudocyst". World J. Gastroenterol. 15 (1): 38–47. doi:10.3748/wjg.15.38. PMC 2653285. PMID 19115466.
2- Aghdassi A, Mayerle J, Kraft M, Sielenkämper AW, Heidecke CD, Lerch MM (March 2008). "Diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic pseudocysts in chronic pancreatitis". Pancreas 36 (2): 105–12. doi:10.1097/MPA.0b013e31815a8887. PMID 18376299.
3- Jani N, Bani Hani M, Schulick RD, Hruban RH, Cunningham SC. Diagnosis and management of cystic lesions of the pancreas. Diagn Ther Endosc. 2011;2011:478913. [Medline]. [Full Text].
4- Brun A, Agarwal N, Pitchumoni CS. Fluid collections in and around the pancreas in acute pancreatitis. J Clin Gastroenterol. Aug 2011;45(7):614-25. [Medline].

 

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